The OPTICITIES project aims to support European cities in the experimentation of new solutions for the intelligent mobility of people and goods, with particular attention to intermodality and modes of transport with a lower environmental impact (public transport, bicycle, carpooling, etc.).
Mobility points are becoming increasingly important in urban centres, particularly in Europe where 75% of people live in urban areas. These cities face several problems: accessibility (thousands of private cars enter European conurbations every day, also impacting on local public transport); environment and health (urban transport generates 15% of traffic, 30% of CO2 emissions are due to transport, 95% of these emissions come from cars and lorries); quality of life (50% of car journeys cover distances less than 3 km, with a vehicle occupancy rate close to 1 km).
The project involved 24 partners from eight European Union countries, linked to the world of research, IT and public transport, including six city administrations - Turin, Madrid, Birmingham, Wroclaw, Goteborg, Grand Lyon - where the solutions implemented were tested. CSI Piemonte participated together with the local partners Città di Torino, Politecnico di Torino and 5T.
For the Turin metropolitan area, OPTICITIES has led to the development of a decision support tool, the Multimodal Transport Map, and two information tools for citizens, the web application Carpoling hub and the TUeTO smartphone app.
What has characterized the work path is the collaborative approach between public and private subjects: the experimentation process has highlighted the importance of shared hardware and software infrastructures to collect all the mobility data available at local level and to be able to provide them to service operators through a standardized gateway. The completeness of the data on geographical and modal urban mobility allows to increase the quality of services, diversify their offer, and ensure coherence between services to citizens and public policies of urban mobility.
- Potential cooperation with another European project: BIG IoT
- Possibility of continuing the project as part of the European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities.
- From the training sessions a proposal arises to activate organizational processes that lead to the creation of new quality data available in open mode through Geoportals.
- Potential meeting with CMT to experiment data creation with group of municipalities.
- Evolution of the prototype in use (consolidation and new functionalities).
- Activation of generation and maintenance of data processes specific to municipalities, data of which municipalities are the first users through the tool that we make available (ZTL, pedestrian areas, cycle paths, disabled stalls, taxis, parking lots, etc.). The same data are made available through the open portals for third parties (APPs, studies, etc.) and for other public bodies.
- Instrument availability is a necessary but not sufficient condition to activate the data creation and maintenance process., what is necessary is:
- Training activities.
- Investiture by institutional coordinating bodies such as Region, AMP, AMT.
- Working step by step with groups of pilot municipalities.
Two are the tools developed by CSI for the project.
The first is the Multimodal Transport Map, a beta website aimed at mobility managers, public officials and industry operators to help them plan intermodal transport in the metropolitan area. On the site you can consult, share and analyze on map information about the different modes of transport: bus, metro, train, bike, taxi, car sharing and other spatial data. Data on local public transport (LPT) are published weekly in the open GTFS format at www.dati.piemonte.it.
The second is Carpooling hub, a web application that aggregates in real time the data coming from different carpooling sites, facilitating the meeting between demand and supply of car trips between private individuals. On www.carpolinghub.eu you can search for the most suitable travel solution without having to consult the websites of the various operators one at a time. Two agreements have been concluded with BlaBlaCar and BobSharing.
Widgets have been created that public administrations can place on their institutional website or on sites dedicated to tourism, transport and sustainable mobility, and promote carpooling in a transparent manner and respecting competition between suppliers.
The TUeTO app, a Multimodal Urban Navigator, has also been experimented with information about all modes of transport in the Torino metropolitan area. The application, developed by the French company Cityway project partner, calculates the routes taking into account the real traffic conditions and traffic light cycles and, consequently, the delays that congestion, work in progress and events have on the journey times of the different modes of transport. It allows the user to be followed during the journey and suggests transport modes and routes to reduce travel time, indicates the cost and emission of CO2.